Примечания к Главе 4 :: vuzlib.su
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ТЕКСТЫ КНИГ ПРИНАДЛЕЖАТ ИХ АВТОРАМ И РАЗМЕЩЕНЫ ДЛЯ ОЗНАКОМЛЕНИЯ

Примечания к Главе 4

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Примечания к Главе 4

1 Winston S. Churchill, The Hinge of Fate (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950), 61.

2 "Hermit Kingdom", The Wall Street Journal, December 12,1958,1-6; William I. Walsh, The Rise and Decline of the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (New Jersey: Lyle Stuart Inc., 1986), 74, в книге утверждается, что у А&Р оборот в 1950 составлял $ 3,2 млрд, что делало ее крупнейшей в мире частной компанией и крупнейшей в мире компа­нией розничной торговли. Ее оборот превосходил оборот U.S. Steel и Standard Oil и уступал только General Motors среди компаний всех форм собственности.

3 "Hermit Kingdom", The Wall Street Journal, December 12, 1958,1-6. 4 "We Should Have Moved A Lot Sooner", Forbes, May 15,1976,99.

5 William I. Walsh, The Rise and Decline of The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (Lyle Stuart Inc., 1986), 78-80; Fortune, March 1963, 105.

6 "We Should Have Moved A Lot Sooner", Forbes, May 15,1976,99; "A&P's Ploy: Cutting Prices To Turn A Profit", Business Week, May 20, 1972, 76; Fortune, March 1963, 105.

7 The Wall Street Journal, April 21, 1964, 1-6.

8 William I. Walsh, The Rise and Decline of The Great Atlantic 6- Pacific Tea Company (Lyle Stuart Inc., 1986), 103-105.

9 "A&P's Ploy: Cutting Prices To Turn A Profit", Business Week, May 20,1972,76; "A&P's 'Price War' Bites Broadly And Deeply", Business Week, September 30, 1972, 56; "Banking Against A&P", Time, December 11,1972,108; "How A&P Got Creamed", Fortune, January 1973, 103; "A&P Counts The Cost Of Its Pyrrhic Victory", Business Week, April 28, 1973, 117.

10 "Stumbling Giant", The Wall Street Journal, January 10,1978,1.

11 "Shifting Gears: A&P's Price-Cutting Didn't Create Kroger's Problems ..." Forbes, November 1,1972,29; "Superstores May Suit Customers to a T-shirt or a T-bone", The Wall Street Journal, March 13,1973; "Plain and Fancy: Supermarket Boutiques Spur Kroger's Gains", Barren's, May 25,1981, 37; "250,000 Unpaid Consultants", Forbes, September 14, 1981, 147,

12 Интервью в рамках исследования#6-С, стр. 6.

13 "Kroger and Fred Meyer merge to create No. 1 U.S. grocery biz", Discount Store News, МауЗ, 1999, 1.

14 "Trouble Stalks The Aisles At A&P", Business Week, September 23,1991,60.

15 "Pitney Bowes' Pep", Financial World, April 11,1962,22; "No Middle Ground", Forbes, January 1, 1961, 75.

16 Moody's Industrial Manual 2000 (Mergent FIS).

17 "Roy Ash is Having Fun at Addressograph-Multigrief'.Forftwe, February 27,1978,46; "How Roy Ash Got Burned", Fortune, April 6,1981,71.

18 "Up from the ashes", Forbes, April 16, 1979,104; "AM International: The cash bind that threatens a turnaround", Business Week, August 18,1980,118; "Ash Forced Out of Two AM Posts", The New York Times, February 24,1981, Section D, 1.

19 "Why Ash was ousted at AM International", Business Week, March 9, 1981, 32; "Roy Ash resigns under fire", Fortune, March 23,1981,16; "How Roy Ash Got Burned", Fortune, April 6, 1981, 71; "Up from the ashes", Forbes, April 16, 1979, 104; "AM files Chapter 11

Petition", The New York Times, April 15, 1982, Section D, 1.

20 "When technology was not enough", Business Week, January 25,1982, 62; "How Roy Ash Got Burned",Fortune, April 6,1981,71;"AM International: The cash bind that threatens a turnaround", Business Week, August 18,1980,118.

21 "When technology was not enough", Business Week, January 25, 1982, 62; "AM's Brightest Years Now Dim Memories", The New York Times, April 15,1982, Section D,l.

22"How Roy Ash Got Burned", Fortune, April 6,1981,71, "High-technology dream turns into a nightmare", The Financial Times, March 2,1982,17.

23 "AM International: The cash bind that threatens a turnaround", Business Week, August 18, 1980,118; "The Unflappable Roy Ash", Forbes, December 8,1980, 38.

24"AM International: The cash bind that threatens a turnaround", Business Week, August 18,1980,118; "Ash Forced Out of Two AM Posts" The New York Times, February 24,1981, Section D, 1; "When technology was not enough", Business Week, January 25, 1982, 62.

25 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-G, стр.12.

26 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-Е, стр.11.

27 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-С, стр.17.

28 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-G, стр.12.

29 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-1, стр. 21.

30 Интервью в рамках исследования # 9-С, стр.20; #9-1, стр.21-22; #9-D, стр.11.

31 Winston S. Churchill, The Grand Alliance (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950), 371.

32 Черчилль создал это управление и придал ему огромный вес. Согласно Марти­ну Джилберту, прежде чем принять то или иное решение, Черчилль часто консуль­тировался со своим Статистическим управлением, которое возглавлял не военный, а профессор Линдемен. Черчилль просил «проверить факты» относительно таких вопросов, как производство обмундирования, импорт и потери при доставке, потери авиации и производство самолетов. Martin Gilbert, The Churchill War Papers, Vol. II (New York: Norton, 1995), xvii.

33 Winston S. Churchill, The Gathering Storm (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1948), 667.

31 Интервью в рамках исследования #2-С, стр.16.

35 "Man of Steel: Correnti Hopes to Take Nucor to No. 1", The Business Journal-Charlotte, September 19, 1994, 3.

36 Standard & Poor's Industry Survey Database, Metals: Industrial, Iron and Steel, January 18, 2001, Leo J. Larkin, Metals Analyst.

37 Интервью в рамках исследования #7-С, стр. 13.

38 Интервью в рамках исследования #7-Е, стр. 7; Jeffrey L. Rodengen, The Legend oj Nucor (Write Stuff, 1997), 45.

39 Jeffrey L. Rodengen, The Legend of Nucor (Write Stuff, 1997), 39. 40 Интервью в рамках исследования #7-А, стр.3.

41 Joseph F. Cullman 3rd, I'm a Lucky Guy (Joseph F. Cullman 3rd, 1998), 144; Richard Kluger, Ashes to Ashes (Alfred A. Knopf: New York, 1996), 485; "Beverage management: risky - but straight up 7 Up", Forbes, April 12, 1982, 208; "Coke Peppers 7 Up and Pepsi", Advertising Age, February 24, 1986, 2, 86

42 Joseph F. Cullman 3rd, I'm a Lucky Guy (Joseph F. Cullman 3rd, 1998), 147.

41 John Strohmeyer, Crisis in Bethlehem, (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1986), 72-73;"The labors of Trautlein",Forte, February 15,1981,36; "Bethlehem's Thin Slab Yawn", American Metal Market, November 17, 1989, 4; "Bethlehem Museum", National Public Radio Transcript, July 5,1998.

44 "Upjohn: Safety of Upjohn s Oral Antidiabetic Drug Doubted in Study; Firm Disputes Finding", The Wall Street Journal, May 21, 1970, 6; "Upjohn: A bitter pill for Upjohn shareholders (Drug company involved in antibiotic controversy)", Financial World, January 23,1974,28; "Upjohn: The Upjohn Company: Presentation by R.T. Parfet, Jr., Chairman oi the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and L.C. Hoff, Vice President and General Manager, Pharmaceutical Division, to the Security Analysts of San Francisco, September 11, 1975", The Wall Street Transcript, October 13, 1975, 41648-41650; "Upjohn: Hair-Raising Happenings at Upjohn (Testing a cure for baldness, the company squirms at the unwelcome clamor)", Fortune, April 6,1981,67-69; "Upjohn: PDA Says Upjohn Exaggerated Claims On Drug's Value in Treating Baldness", The Wall Street Journal, June 18,1986,6; "Upjohn: Rip Tide: Can Upjohn manage its way out of a product gap? If not, it could be swept into the industry merger wave", Financial World, September 5,1989,26-28; "Upjohn: The Corporation: Strategies: Will This Formula Cure What Ails Upjohn: As the sharks circle, it's spending big on R&D and marketing", Business Week, September 18, 1989, 65; "Upjohn: Technology & Medicine: Upjohn Sleep Drug Being Investigated For Safety by PDA", The Wall Street Journal, September 20, 1984, B4; "Upjohn: Medicine: Halcion Takes Another Hit: Tainted data played a key role in PDA approval", Newsweek, February 17,1992,58; "Upjohn: Medicine: Fueling the Fire Over Halcion: Upjohn's own staff has raised safety concerns", Newsweek, May 25,1992,84; "Upjohn: Top of the News: Successions: At Upjohn, A Grim Changing of the Guard: Ley Smith inherits the problem-plagued drugmaker at a critical juncture", Business Week, May 3,1993, 36.

45 Интервью в рамках исследования #11-В, стр. 7.

46 "No-Longer-So-Great Scott", Forbes, August 1, 1972, 25.

47 "Scott Paper Back on its Feet", Forbes, December 15, 1976, 69-70.

48 "Scott isn't lumbering anymore", Fortune, September 30, 1985,48-55.

49 "Scott Paper: Back on the attack", Financial World, August 1,1979,22-23; "A Paper Tiger Grows Claws",Business Week, August 23,1969,100-102;"OutlookFor 1970-Year-End Statement", Paper Trade Journal, December 22, 1969, 33; "Profits Peak for Scott Paper", Financial World, April 22,1970,13,28; "No-Longer-So-Great Scott", Forbes, August 1,1972, 25.

50 Интервью в рамках исследования # 5-F, стр. 2.

51 Интервью в рамках исследования # 5-Е, стр. 22.

52 Интервью в рамках исследования # 6-А, стр. 19.

53 Ann Kaiser Stearns, Coming Back: Rebuilding Lives after Crisis and Loss (New York: Ballantine, 1988), 294. В своей работе Стерне описывает выводы этих исследований, что, на наш взгляд, научно обосновывает эффективность «парадокса Стокдейла». Мы также испытали влияние работы Михали Кзикзентмихали. В комплексном ис­следовании феномена «счастья» в книге Flow («Поток») Кзикзентмихали рассматривает возможности трансформации эмоций, вызванных трагедией, используя в качестве примера исследования профессора Миланского Университета Фаусто Мас-симини. В этих исследованиях паралитики и другие больные с нарушениями двига­тельных функций высказывают мнение, что их несчастье послужило для них поло­жительным опытом и заставило в какой-то степени начать жить действительно полной жизнью. (Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Flow (HarperPerrenial: 1990), 192-3). Дру­гой взгляд на эту проблему можно найти в работах д-ра Ала Сиеберта, который написал The Survivor Personality—How Life's Best Survivors Thrive in Difficult Situations and Convert Misfortune into Good Luck."

54 FNM имел 9,3 % по своим кредитам, но должен был платить 14,63 % по краткосрочным займам. "David Maxwell Takes Over Troubled Fannie Mae", The Washington Post, May 21,1981; "Fannie Mae Searches for Higher Ground", Fortune, July 13, 1981, 110.

55 "Fannie Mae Searches for Higher Ground", Fortune, July 13,1981,110.

56 Item.

57 Разговор с Дэвидом Максвеллом 14 ноября 1997.

58 Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory of Primetime Networks and Cable TV Shows (New York: Ballantine, 1999), 929.

59 Jim and Sybil Stockdale, In Love and War (Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990); Stockdale Triumphs, Video Presentation - 1994 Stanford Alumni Association.

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