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1. Alvar O. Elbing, On the Applicability of Environmental Models, in 1 W. McGuire, ed., Contemporary Management (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1974), p. 283.

2. Gerald D. Bell, Organizations and the External Environment, in McGuire, op. cit., p. 260.

3. Elbing, op. cit., p. 282.

4. George A. Steiner and John B. Miner, Management Policy and Strategy (New York: Macmillan, 1977), pp. 41-42.

5. Robert . Reich, The Next American Frontier (New Yorfc Penguin Books, 1983), p. 125.

6. The Import Invasion: No Industry Has Been Left Untouched, Business Week, October 8,1984, p. 172.

7. F. W. Emery and E. L. Trist, The Causal Texture of Organizational Environments, Human Relations, vol. 18 (1963), pp. 20-26.

8. Peter Drucker, Managing in Turbulent Times (New York: Harper & Row, 1980), pp. 3,153,154.

9. J. E. McCann and J. Selsky, Hyperturbulence and the Emergence of Type Five Environments, Academy of Management Review, vol. 9 (1984), pp. 460-470; M. Magnet, It's Shake Up or Shake Out in a Shook Up World, Fortune, June 10,1985, pp. 166-172.

10. Emery and Trist, op, cit., p. 29.

11. Ibid., p. 24.

12. John Child, Organizational Structure, Environment, and Performance: The Role of Strategic Choice, Sociology, vol. 6 (1972), pp. 2-21.

13. Ray Jurkovich, A Core Typology of Organizational Environments, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 19 (1974), no. 3, pp. 380-394.

14. Emery and Trist, op. cit.; Burns and G. M. Stalker, The Management of Innovation (London: Tavistock Publications, 1961).

15. Raymond Aldag and Ronald Storey, Environmental Uncertainty, Proceedings, Academy of Management, 1975.

16. Paul R. Lawrence and Jay W. Lorsch, Organization and. Environment (Homewood, III.: Irwin, 1967); Henry Tosi, Raymond Aldag, and Ronald Storey, On the Measurement of the Environment: An Assessment of the Lawrence and Lorsch Environmental Subscales, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 18 (1973), no. I, pp. 27-36; H. Kirk Downey, Don Hellriegel, and John W. Slocum, Jr., Environmental Uncertainty. The Construct and Its Application, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 20 (1975), no. 4, pp. 613-629.

17. George A. Steiner, Strategic Factors in Business Success (New Yorfc Financial Executives Research Foundation, 1969).

18. John S. McClenahan, How Regulation Shackles Economic Growth, Industry Week, June 1,1981, pp. 64-68.

19. Baby Boomers Push for Power, Business Week, July 2,1984, pp. 52-62.

20. Laura Landro, How Headlines of 1982 Led to 1983's Doldrums for Wamer and Atari, The WallStreetJournal, July 25,1983, p.1.

21. Emanual G. Mesthene, TechnologicalChange: Its Impact on Man and Society (New Yorfc Mentor Books, 1970);

Alvin Toffler, Future Shock (New York: Bantam Books, 1970).

22. Charles R. Walker, Technology, Industry, and Man: The Age of Acceleration (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968).

23. Daniel Bell, The Coming of Post-Industrial Society (New Yorfc Basic Books, 1973).

24. Ben Roscn and Tom H. Jerdee, Sex Stereotyping in the Executive Suite, Harvard Business Review, vol. 52 (1974), pp.45-48.

25. John . Miner, The Human Constraint: The Coming Shortage of Managerial Talent (Washington, D. C.: BNA Books, 1974).

26. Work in America, Report of a Special Task Force to the Secretaiy of Health, Education, and Welfare (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1973).

27. Baby Boomers Push for Power, op. cit., pp. 52-62.

28. Reginald H. Jones, What Is the Futyre of the Corporation? Address to the Detroit Economic Club, Detroit, Mich., November 25,1974.

29. John D. Daniels, E. W. Ogram, Jr., and L, 0. Rodebaugh, International Business: Environments and Operations, 3rd ed. (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1982).

30. Andrew Malcolm, On the Battlefield of Beauty, The New York Times, May 22,1972, p. 1.

31. Brazil: Campbell Soup Fails to Make It to the Table, Business Week, October 12,1981, p. 66.

32. Problems of Opening a Retail Store in Spain, The Wall Street Journal, March 27,1967, p. 1.

33. Arvind V. Phatak, International Dimensions of Management (Boston: Kent, 1983), p. 2.

34. Ibid., p. 405.

35. Daniels, Ogram, ana R debaugh, op. cit., p. 21.

36. Ibid., pp. 8-9.

37. Toyota, 'No' on GM Workers, San Francisco Examiner, Februaiy 15,1983, p. 1.

38. Phatak, op. cit., p. 5.

39. L. G. Franks, Multinationals: The End of U. S. Dominance, Harvard. Business Review, vol. 56 (November- December 1978), pp. 93-101.

40. D. Adams, The Monkey and the Fish: Cultural Pitfalls of an Educational Advisor, International Development Review, vol. 2, no. 2 (1969), p. 22.

41. Phatak, op. cit., pp.22-26

42. Lennie Copcland and Lewis Griggs, Going International (New York: Random House, 1985), p. 9.

43. H. Cleveland, G. J. Mangone, and J. C. Adams, The Overseas Americans (New York: McGraw-Hill, I960); J. D. Montgonery, Crossing the Culture Bow: An Approach to the Training of American Technicians for Overseas Assignments, World Politics, vol. 13, no. 4 (1961), pp. 544-560; J. Fayerweathcr, The Executive Overseas (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Uneversity Press, 1959).

44. Richard . Pascale and Anthony G. Athos, The Art of Japanese Management (New York: Warner Books, 1981),

p. 64. 45. Stephen J. Kobrin, Managing Political Risk Assessment (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).


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